Shamanism is defined is the ritual practice of reaching to and communicating with the spiritual forces of the outside world. In this process the ritual practitioner interacts with the spirits and attains some powers which he transfers to the human world.
Shamanism is carried out by a shaman who has power to access and interact with the spirits in the benevolent and malevolent worlds. The shaman interacts with the spirits by carrying out rituals. After carrying the rituals he gets some powers which he uses to carry out ritual healing. Some of the most common shamanic healing techniques include the soul retrieval technique, the power animal retrieval, the extraction, spiritual healing, and the psychopomp technique.
Soul retrieval is a shamanic healing technique which involves retrieving a lost soul. It is believed that when one suffers from any form of trauma a part of his or her soul splits and stops contributing to the well being of that person. According to shamans soul loss leads to memory loss and a sense of incompleteness. A complete healing can be achieved only after the lost soul if found and retrieved. To facilitate the process of retrieval the shaman journeys into the world and seeks their help in finding the missing part of the soul. After bringing the lost souls back home it will take a few months for full integration to take place and full recovery to be noticed.
Power animal retrieval is among the shamanic healing techniques whereby the shaman takes advice and direction from the spirits of world animals when going into the world of spirits. When performing the healing ritual the shaman retrieves the power animal for the client. The client is then required to bond with the animal by honoring and visiting it during meditation time. The client will also be required to dance before the animal as one way of honoring it.
Shamans believe that when a person or animal is sick the body becomes vulnerable to the entry of souls which do not belong to the body. The souls can cause unwanted sickness to the body. With the help of the spirits the shaman removes all the unwanted souls from the body and places them in a safe place where they can contribute to the well being of the body. He then fills the empty space with some positive power which is beneficial to the body.
Spiritual Prescription is also one of the shamanic healing techniques whereby instructions to speed up the healing process are given to the shaman by the spirits. Such instructions might include taking of herbs, changing diet as well as the touch therapy. The shaman works closely with the spirits to receive the instructions to facilitate the healing process.
Shamanism is a process or ritual that works for those who believe in it. It is also important to remember that different types of sickness can be cured using different shamanic techniques. The shaman determines which type of technique to sue on a client after examining him or her. The shaman can also communicate with the spirits and ask them about the appropriate technique to use.